The(NLF) was founded in South Vietnam on 20 December 1960. The organisation, comprised of political leaders, commissars, cadres and military personnel, was often referred to as a whole as the by US advisors and military. In effect, “ ” meant Vietnamese communist and, therefore, included any person or group in South Vietnam that allied themselves with the communist (DRV) government in North Vietnam.
The NLF itself was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People’s Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) together with guerrilla and militia elements – that fought against the US and the(RVN). It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled. Many soldiers were recruited in South Vietnam, but others were attached to the People’s Army of Vietnam ( ), the regular army of North Vietnam.