Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower (14 October 1890 to 28 March 1969) was an American army general during World War II and also served as the first Supreme Commander of NATO from 1951 to 1952. After his distinguished military service, he became a Republican statesman and served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961. His administration provided major aid to help the French forces fight the Việt Minh in the First Indochina War. After the French gave up their colony as a result of the Geneva Conference in 1954, he gave strong financial support to the new state of the Republic of Vietnam (RVN). Domestically, Eisenhower was a moderate conservative who continued New Deal agencies and expanded Social Security.