Guam is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean. After capturing the island from the Japanese on 21 July 1944, American has claimed control over the island since, commemorated every year on Guam’s Liberation Day. Anderson Air Force Base on Guam played a major role during the Second Indochine War (1955-1975), used by American forces as a crucial point from which to conduct resupply and bombing operations. Guam is among the seventeen non-self-governing territories listed by the United Nations.