Hồ Chí Minh (19 May 1890 to 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, was also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyễn Ái Quốc, Bác Hồ (Uncle Hồ) or simply Bác (Uncle). It is generally agreed that he used upwards of 50 pseudonyms throughout his life. Minh was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Vietnam (Dảng Lao Dộng Vietnam). He was also Prime Minister (1945-1955) and President (1945-1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV). He was a key figure in the foundation of the DRV in 1945 as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN), the Việt Minh during the First Indochina War (1945-1954) and the Việt Cộng during the Second Indochina War (1955-1975). He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems. After the Second Indochina War, Saigon, the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City.